This season of Podcraft is all about the gear. We walk you through everything you'll need to record your podcast, with options to suit every setup, format, and budget!
Episode 1 – What Microphone Do I Need to Podcast?
We cover the best microphones for podcasting, and how to choose the right one for you. For the full info, listen to the episode below.
Or, you can always read our popular article on the subject:
For series 11, we’re looking at your next steps in terms of equipment. In this series we’ll be going through all of the kit you can use for podcasting, from one end of the audio chain to the other – microphone to editor. For each type I’ll be covering Entry level and pro level, and talk about the lifecycle, ie. what you should start with and how/when you can upgrade.
Equipment is where a lot of us totally geek out, spending far too much money on shiny new bits, and I’ve been more than guilty of this in the past. I’m hoping that this series can help you choose and sensible starting point, and guide you through the upgrade process over the coming years.
Gear Mentioned in This Episode
- Samson Q2U (USB and XLR)
- Shure MV5 (USB)
- Blue Snowball (USB)
- Blue Yeti (USB)
- Rode Procaster (XLR)
- MXL 990 (XLR)
- Shure SM58 (XLR)
- Rode Smartlav + (Lav mic for smartphone)
- ATR3350 (Lav mic for digital recorder)
Upgrade Your Equipment In Line With Your Skills
I genuinely think that you should only upgrade your kit in line with your presenting and production skills. In the beginning you don’t need a £300 microphone, you need to practice talking to your audience.
Then you need to practice your editing and audio production. Then you need to practice your storytelling and writing. THEN, you’re ready for really good quality kit.
Struggling to Choose & Use Your Podcast Equipment?
Pick the right gear, and learn how it works: from USB mics to mixers.
Don't Upgrade Everything At Once
In a similar vein, don’t do it all at once. The most basic reason for that is that you’ll spoil the fun of buying new shiny bits by blowing it all at once! The more practical reason is that you really want to make sure you’re using every bit of kit you own in the best way possible.
For example, start with the microphone. Learn how to speak into it properly, cutting sibilants and plosives, and maintaining a good distance. Then, learn it’s other quirks, such as background sensitivity and recording pattern.
Once you know you’re using the mic in the best way possible, THEN you can buy yourself the next bit of kit. If you do it the other way around then you’ll end up confusing bad results with one piece of kit with bad use of another. You need to know the first element is working perfectly before you can hone your skills with the next.
Episode 2 – Choosing a Digital Recorder for Podcasting
In this episode we’ll cover why you might want to use a digital recorder in your podcasting efforts, and how to choose the best one for you.
We’ve discussed digital recorders in the past, and in fact you can find current definitive guide here: The Best Digital Podcast Recorders on the Market. This episode discusses the very same stuff with a little extra detail.
Why Might you Need a Digital Recorder for Podcasting?
- Mobile recording – capture an interview any time, any place
- Risk mitigation – avoid recording to a computer and the crash risk that poses
- Backup – Record to Digitial Recorder PLUS PC for the best of both worlds
What Digital Recorder Should I Buy?
Each option depends on your own unique situation, show format, and budget.
- Zoom H1 or Tascam DR-05 – the lower-cost ‘lite' models
- Zoom H4 – mid-range option
- Zoom H5 or Zoom H6 – premium options
Episode 3 – Do I Need a Mixer for Podcasting? If so, Which One?
On this episode of PodCraft we're talking Mixers – when and if you might want one. It's not cut and dry by any means! Let's look at the arguments.
And you can also check out our Best Podcast Mixers roundup if you're already won over to the idea of getting one. We'll be mentioning some of our favourite models in this episode too.
When Might You Think About Getting a Mixer?
Here are the reasons you might want to go ahead and starting looking at mixers:
- You want more audio inputs – eg. more microphones, along with Music, Skype, etc
- You want more control over those inputs, such as levels, EQ, compression, etc
- You want to start using pro level equipment, such as XLR condenser microphones that need phantom power
- You want to increase reliability and quality
- You want to cut the computer out of the equation
- You want to live produce, creating your show like a radio show, cutting down on editing.
Why Might you NOT Want a Mixer?
There are plenty of reasons NOT to get a mixer, such as:
- You simply don't need one. Most podcasters don't.
- Cost – mixers, decent ones that is, are expensive
- Complexity – mixers can look intimidating to beginners, and sometimes having too much customisation options just leads to paralysis.
Which Mixer Should I Go For?
As always with podcasting, it depends on a few different factors. Here are 3 solid options though.
Mentioned in This Episode
Episode 4 – Mobile Recording with Smartphones or Tablets
You most likely already carry an expensive recording device around with you everywhere you go. We're talking, of course, about your smartphone.
In this episode of PodCraft we take a look at the different gear and options available for turning your phone or tablet into a fully functioning podcast studio.
- Rode SmartLav + and SC6 Splitter – lavalier mic option
- Samson Go Mic Mobile – wireless option, lavalier or handheld
- Zoom iQ5 – attachment capsule
- Shure MOTIV MV88 – attachment capsule
- Shure MV5 – desktop mic which also works with computer via USB
You can also record on-the-go with digital recorders, portable interfaces, laptops, and even mixers. We've already covered this in previous episodes of PodCraft, so check out the links there for more info on that.
- Our Best Podcast Making Apps Roundup
- Backpack Studio (formerly BossJock)
- Alitu – Our Podcast Maker App
Episode 5 – Audio Monitoring
Podcast listening isn't exclusive to podcast listeners. Podcasters need to listen to their own audio too – both whilst it's being recorded, and whilst it's being edited. We call this type of creator listening “monitoring”, and that's what we'll be discussing on this episode of PodCraft.
- Listen through headphones (even a cheap pair of earbuds) whilst recording audio to pick up on any issues in Real Time.
- Use headphones or speakers with a flat frequency response. Don't use gear that'll add extra base that doesn't exist in your source material, for example.
- Use a headphone splitter to give guests their own headphones whilst recording.
- When choosing headphones, consider things like comfort, isolation, sound leakage, as well as cable length and type.
- Headphones are great for mixing voice, but switch to speakers to mix in your music if you have that option in your setup.
- Audio-Technica ATH-M20X Studio Headphones
- Sony MDR-7506 Studio Headphones
- Beyerdynamic DT770 PRO Studio Headphones
- KRK Rokit 5 G3 Studio Monitors
- M-Audio AV40 Studio Monitors
- Mackie MR5 mk3 Studio Monitors
- HosaTech YMM-261 Stereo Splitter
Episode 6 – Bits & Bobs: Cables, Stands, & More
Cables, stands, jacks, plugs, pop filters – the less glamorous, but still utterly essential part of the podcasting equipment pantheon.
It’s common for podcasters to spend three figure sums on both their mic, and their recording device, then link the two together with a cable they’ll spend $5 on.
On this episode, we look to better understand all these different ‘Bits & Bobs’ by running through what they are, what they look like, and what they do.
Types of Audio Cable & Connection
XLR cables and inputs. XLR cables are commonly known as microphone cables.
They have a male end and a female end, and are used to connect microphones to equipment, or to create a link between two pieces of equipment (like a mixer to a recorder).
Quarter Inch (1/4”)
The 1/4″ (6.35mm) plug looks like a bigger version of the 3.5mm plug.
They’re commonly used to connect microphones and other gear to recording equipment such as mixers or preamps.
Most mixers and recorders will allow you to connect either an XLR cable or a 1/4″ jack to the same port. These are known as ‘Combo Ports’.
The Standard Headphone Jack
The 3.5mm plug/connection is most commonly found on headphones and earbuds. They’re also found on some smaller microphones too, like ‘lavalier' clip on mics, and headsets.
TS, TRS, & TRRS Plugs
Audio plugs (like the 3.5mm plug) have markings on them to determine exactly how they work.
These markings come in the form of little black bands that run around the shaft of each plug.
These bands separate each different function of the plug in question.
A plug with one band is known as a tip sleeve or TS jack. That's because the single band separates the tip from the sleeve.
A plug with two bands is known as a tip ring sleeve, or TRS jack, because the bands have separated a ring in the middle, between the tip and the sleeve.
A plug with two bands is known as a tip ring ring sleeve, or TRRS jack, because that has two rings separated in the middle.
So what's the purpose of all these tips and rings, and how do they work differently?
TS plugs are traditionally known as mono plugs, because the tip is feeding all the audio to the source in one dose.
TRS plugs are traditionally known as stereo plugs because the tip is now being used to feed the left channel of your audio to the source, whilst the ring is feeding the right channel.
In recent years, a third option was added to this setup – the TRRS plug.
The extra ring was brought in to accommodate a microphone or video option. The most common use of TRRS plugs is talking through a headset on your PC, or making a hands free call on your phone.
RCA connectors are also known as phone cables or AV jacks.
Mixers have RCA ports on them, and these enable you to connect and play media through them.
RCA cables are usually Y shaped, with the white and red stereo audio plugs at one end, and a single plug on the other end, such as a 3.5mm or 1/4″ connection.
We also cover headphone splitters, microphone stands, and pop filters.
- The Best Boom Arm for Podcasting
- Studio Cable Management for Podcasters
- Finding the Best Audio Cables: The (Not So) Fascinating Truth
- Best Podcast Microphones on the market
- Alitu – Our Podcast Maker App
Episode 7 – Recording & Editing Software
In this episode we're looking at Audio production software, commonly know as ‘Digital Audio Workstations' in the audio production industry. We'll look at the most common options out there to give you an idea of which one might suit you.
A Digital Audio Workstation (or DAW, for short) is simply an audio editing package that lets you cut out mistakes, splice together different clips and add in music or sound effects. It also allows you to process your audio with a range of different effects, all of which can make your Podcast sound much better. Listen to the episode here to find out more!
- The Podcast Host Academy
- Alitu: The Podcast Maker App
- Hindenburg Journalist
- Adobe Audition
- The Complete Podcast Software Guide
- Best Podcast Editing Software
- Best Podcast Making Apps
- The Minimum Effective Editing Approach
- Best Tools for Recording a Podcast Online
Episode 8 – Video & Live Broadcasting
There are a few good reasons why you might want to broadcast the recording of your episodes live – and maybe even film them too.
Doing live episodes can help build and harness community, as your listeners can feel more directly involved with your content. And the content itself can benefit from that immediate feedback. The ability to answer questions and offer help and advice in real time can really enhance your podcast.
You can also double up your content output without doubling up your workload, by uploading the video recording to Youtube afterwards.
The live approach isn’t for everyone though. Especially if you’ve just started out in podcasting and don’t have an audience yet. Try to keep things as simple as possible in those early days.
However, if you feel you’re ready to jump in and start doing live shows, then this episode is for you.
- How to turn live broadcasts into podcasts that don’t suck
- Best Podcast making apps
- The Podcast Host Academy
- Alitu – The Podcast Maker
Automate Your Podcast Production
Are you a complete beginner with no real technical background, and no desire to learn about audio editing?
If so there’s a tool called Alitu that’ll let you build your episodes in an incredibly simple way. It's our ‘Podcast Maker' web app.
Alitu will take your raw audio, do all the volume leveling and cleaning up for you. It’ll let you add in your music, segments, transitions, etc. In fact, it’ll even go as far as to publish your episode for you once it’s ready!
So if you’re in the “non-techy” and “complete beginner” camp, and the thought of editing and production is really holding you back, we’d love you to give it a 7 day free trial.
Work With Us
The Podcast Host Academy is where you'll find all our courses, resources, etc. We've everything in there from planning and launching, to interview and presentation skills, to equipment and editing, to promotion and monetisation. And on top of that, you get access to our regular live Q&A sessions every single week!