Podcast equipment is one of the key elements to consider when planning a new show. How are you actually going to record the thing?
This term covers such a wide variety of gear, though. It's easy to imagine a pro-level radio studio filled with lots of intimidating (and very expensive) equipment. But for the vast majority of podcasters, that looks nothing like their own recording setup.
You can break podcast equipment down into categories, based on how you record and capture your voice, from mic to mixer to recorder to computer.
The recording process that can be made as simple or as complicated as you like. You can record right into your computer, ridding yourself of the need for a mixer or a recorder. Or you can go the full studio route, and use all four.
If you use very little kit, the process will be simple, but you'll also have less flexibility and control. This isn't an issue for most aspiring podcasters, though, as they've no intention of becoming an audio engineer – they just want to get their message out there.
If you fall into that bracket, then this podcast equipment guide is for you. Here, we'll take a look at what you might need, and why you might need it when you're planning to start your first podcast…
If you need to zoom out first, go here to see everything you need to record a podcast, from planning to software.
When you think about a microphone, you might imagine the typical musician's mic – and whilst you can absolutely use one of these to podcast, it's worth noting that mics come in many forms, shapes, and sizes.
The bottom line is that a microphone is simply the tech needed to “hear” your voice and send it onward to be recorded somewhere. This makes it the first part of our recording “chain.”
So what options are available to us when thinking about our microphone?
Here are the main types, with links to our guides. Or, read on to get a summary.
- Read More: Best Microphones of every kind
- Read More: Best USB Microphones for Podcasting
- Read More: Best Headset Microphones
A common and simple piece of podcast equipment is the USB microphone, which plugs straight into your computer. USB mics are ideal for beginners, especially folks who do solo/monologue-style shows, and those running online interview podcasts. Check out our USB mics roundup to have a look through our favourite options on that front.
XLR mics need additional equipment to run them. They don't plug straight into your computer, but instead, go into a preamp, mixer, or digital recorder (more on these all later).
You can actually get preamps, mixers, and digital recorders in USB form though, so you can run an XLR mic into your computer, just not directly.
XLR mics are suited to folks who want premium sound quality, a lot more production flexibility, and those who don't want to be tied to a computer at all times. Check out the best podcasting mics roundup for our top picks there.
Recording Devices that Include Mics
You probably already carry a mic around with you in the form of your smartphone, and you can use that to podcast with too. The Rode SmartLav+ setup is ideal for on-the-go recording and location interviews.
There are a lot of high quality digital recorders on the market too. You can record directly into these, or plug additional mics into them. Again, these are a great option for someone who's looking for a flexible and portable setup.
And speaking of digital recorders, we now need a podcast equipment option for actually capturing and storing your audio. This could be anything from a phone, to a computer, to a dedicated digital recorder itself.
A dedicated digital recorder is a great option for someone who wants to podcast on the go but is looking for a level of sound quality above what you'll get with a smartphone.
On top of that, digital recorders offer a lot more settings and options for creating audio, because that's what they're literally built for. You don't even necessarily need an additional mic to record into one because they all come with built-in mics.
There's a plethora of options available to you when it comes to recording directly into a computer. You can use a DAW (Digital Audio Workstation) like Audacity or Adobe Audition, for starters. Or, if you're looking to record online/Skype interviews, there are many call recording options on the market nowadays too. Check out our podcast software guide for more on this front.
There are a tonne of recording apps out there that'll enable you to record directly into your phone. This is the easiest podcast equipment question, because you probably have a default recording app on there already.
Recording into a phone can be really convenient, though it lacks the flexibility and options of a dedicated digital recorder. Nevertheless, it's often a great starting point for many, and you can always upgrade your equipment further down the line.
Preamps & Mixers
You don't actually need a preamp or mixer to podcast, but many podcasters do still utilise them. So why might you consider getting one?
- If you want to use an XLR mic.
- If you want to use multiple mics.
- If you want to record live, or “as live” – with all your music, SFX, etc. played in real time.
My favourite preamp is a little USB device called the Focusrite Scarlett 2i2. There are a few different mixer options in our best podcast mixers roundup, and we also need to give a mention to the newly-released Rode Rodecaster Pro which is a mixer, recorder, a general podcast studio rolled into one.
Headphones are a vital part of the podcast equipment lineup.
You should always “monitor” your recordings, even when doing a solo show. This means using headphones whilst recording so you can hear exactly what's being captured. The benefit of doing this is that if there's issues, you can fix them right away.
You'll also need headphones to hear your guest if you run an online interview show. They come in handy for listening back to recordings, and for editing audio too. Check out our best podcast headphones roundup for a few great options there.
Production & Publishing
Once your podcast has been recorded, you have the option to edit it, but this isn't a necessity. See how much editing should I do in my podcast? for more on that.
When we get to this stage, the “podcast equipment” side of things is really just as simple as a computer. It's what software and tools you use on that computer that you need to give thought to.
If you're doing any sort of editing, you can choose one of the many software options out there. I've mentioned DAWs (Digital Audio Workstations) like Audacity and Adobe Audition already, and these are both great post-production options.
If you want to do some editing, as well as add in an intro and outro track, but you don't want to learn how to use a DAW, then check out Alitu. Alitu is an app we've created that makes it easy to record, produce, and publish your podcast, even if you know nothing about audio. Again, you'll just need a computer to run it. There's a mobile app on its way too.
Finally, we get to the publishing stage. In order to upload your podcast for the world to hear, you need to sign up to a media host. This is basically where your podcast lives online, and the hub where places like iTunes and Spotify will look towards to pull all your content for.
You'll find our favourite media hosting options right here. Each one has its own unique features and there's something there to suit any podcaster, no matter their skill level, motivation, or budget.
Podcast Equipment Is a Means to an End
I mentioned already that most people don't get into podcasting to collect loads of fancy and expensive audio equipment. Some folks do end up doing that, of course, but you definitely don't need to.
It's better to start simple so you can focus on your actual content, rather than whether or not your long chain of gear is all working correctly. Over time, as you grow, you can tweak and upgrade things here and there.
Summary: Podcast Equipment
Let's sum things up by going full if…then. Here's how you can decide what gear you need:
1. If you're recording solo, or recording interviews online, then:
Get a Samson Q2U mic
2. If you're recording 2 people in-person, on a budget, then:
Get a Smartlav & SC6 setup
3. If you're recording 2 or more people in-person, and have the budget for top quality, then:
4. If you want to record people in the studio AND online, or you want to do live production (add music as you record), and you're not scared by a bunch of knobs and cables…. then:
Option 1 above is great, because the Samson Q2U works as both a USB and XLR mic, so it starts out as a great solo or online USB mic. But, when you decide to upgrade to a mixer or preamp further down the line (option 4), it works great with them too. It's also great value, and well within most people's budget.
Aside from that, it's hard to make any one-size-fits-all recommendations because there are so many variables. But remember, when it comes to editing and publishing then be sure to check out our podcast production app Alitu.
And, if you're looking for more help or guidance towards any aspect of podcasting equipment, or otherwise, then have a look at The Podcast Host Academy – that's where we run regular live Q&A sessions, a community forum, and have video courses on everything from presentation and editing skills, to audience growth and monetisation!